People who make wines have an opinion about practically everything, from which grapes to grow, what type of trellis systems to use in the vineyard, when to pick, and far, far more. American oak leans toward dill, coconut, vanilla extract and sweet spices. So, when an oak tree falls in an American forest, its impact is much gentler on a winery’s bottom line. Synfonia Floors is a lead manufacturer of high quality designer and custom hardwood floors. When the legendary Paul Draper took over winemaking at Ridge Vineyards in 1969, he tested French oak barrels and others produced from trees grown in Missouri’s Ozark Mountains. American Oak Barrels. “American oak can handle grapes with big flavors, such as Zinfandel, Grenache and Teroldego,” says Tsegeletos. Final “sediments” on the French vs. American oak dispute. French Oak Superiority over Eastern European Oak, American White Oak and Chinese Honey Oak: • Higher tannin content for reactive stains fuming and ageing. From a visual perspective, the "cathedral" grain is one of the most significant. He’s increased the percentage of American barrels used in recent years. “Spanish people prefer their red wine with the sweeter character of American oak,” says Rodolfo Batista, winemaker at Ramón Bilbao. Our oak is between 200 - 250 years old. André Tchelistcheff, the famed Russian-born winemaker credited with raising the quality of California winemaking, switched to American oak barrels for his iconic Beaulieu Vineyard Georges de Latour Private Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon during World War II. 6. Winemakers seem to think so. One of the main reasons for oak being so tough is the age of the oak tree before it is felled to make timber. Among the famous brands that employ all or partial American oak today are Ridge, Silver Oak, Hess Collection, Cline, Rombauer, J. Lohr, The Prisoner and Chateau Ste. French oak (particularly Quercus Petraea) is much tighter grained and less dense than the American Quercus Alba. European Oak? As such French oak imparts more subtle flavors and firmer, but silkier tannins. We offer top grade European French White Oak, American Walnut and Northern Canadian Maple hardwood flooring in both Engineered and Solid wood planks in variety of contemporary and modern custom finishes for both residential and commericial markets. Vincent Nadalié runs his family’s French cooperage in Napa Valley, which produces barrels with wood from America, Slovenia and Hungary. French forests have been cultivated since the 12th Century and produce the best old growth French Oak in the world. PEFC Certification - Salvage Europe only sources Old Growth French Oak from France under PEFC certification so you can be sure that you are getting what you paid for. Pieces are available up to 17 inches wide in five different grades ranging from clean through to rustic, in sawn boards, beams, posts and whole logs (boules). Low Moisture Content - All of our French Oak Lumber is air dried and then kiln dried. • Tighter grain structure producing a more dense timber suitable for flooring. Generally speaking, American oak is treated with a polyurethane finish. American barrels tend to be stronger in flavor, often described as cream soda, vanilla, or coconut, resulting in wines with a more creamy texture. French forests have been cultivated since the 12th Century and produce the best old growth French Oak in the world. Genuine Old Growth French Oak is grown in forests that have stood for centuries under legitimate stewardship. French oak tends to taste of dark chocolate, roasted coffee beans and exotic, savory spices. you agree to our use of cookies and the terms of our. Primary sources for American oak are forests in Missouri, Minnesota, Pennsylvania, Virginia and nearby states. In the case of Monte Bello [vineyard grapes], with high tannin contents, the American oak’s sweetness coats the tannins and helps make the wine more sensuous and exotic.”. The 2015 Jordan Cabernet Sauvignon is the first vintage from 100% French barrels. The debate is especially intense for big red wines like Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and other Bordeaux varieties. A comparison of French, Hungarian, and American Oaks 02/22/2012. Grading Regulators - French Oak is processed and graded using strict guidelines from the French National Wood Federation they have very clear rules for grading and drying methods. Designed for long-term durability. The following are results from research done at Stavin and should only be used to give an approximation of what each of these three varieties of oak can bring to your wine. Historically, many Spanish winemakers have used large proportions of American barrels, especially for the red Tempranillos from Rioja. If a tree falls in the forest, does it matter the forest from which it came? This involves less labor and expense. A French oak barrel costs about $1,000, while an American barrel is about $500. In the French oak vs. American oak debate, another difference is the finish of the flooring. Single Origin in France - Our French Oak is single origin from a single forest which guarantees consistency and the quality of the finished product. It is then stored in a humidity-controlled warehouse until sold. LET US SHOW YOU OUR EUROPEAN SALVAGE RESOURCES, Request your no obligation consultation now, French Oak Buyers Beware: The Differences Between French Oak Flooring & European Oak Flooring, The rest of the world doesn't cultivate Oak, they simply cut what is available. The rest of the world doesn't cultivate Oak, they simply cut what is available. He says lighter varieties seem to do better in tannin-rich French oak. Each sample was made using oak cubes with a two-month contact time and evaluated with no bottle ageing. Single Species Old Growth - Our French Oak (Quercus Robur) comes in one species, general consistency of quality is obtained by not mixing the species or age of the trees. Hansen, of Seguin Moreau, says that Washington State is also a big American consumer, whereas Oregon, concentrated on the more-delicate Pinot Noir, is almost always aged in French barrels. By using our website and/or subscribing to our newsletter, French oak imparts firmer, but silkier tannins, whereas American oak gives more obvious, rougher tannins that will need time in the bottle to mellow out. Nadalié says the differences between these sources are minimal and that buyers seldom have a preference. Many California Cabernet producers use the same French oak as Bordeaux chateaus, with wood from state-run forests like Limousin or Nevers. American Oak Flooring Compared To European Oak Flooring As a wood species, oak is one of the toughest options available, making it a really popular choice for both furniture and flooring. We've received your email address, and soon you will start getting exclusive offers and news from Wine Enthusiast. A French oak barrel costs about $1,000, while an American barrel is about $500. Thank You! French Oak? It is a beautiful hardwood orig European Oak is darker with a naturally rich golden honey hue, while American Oak is lighter and more yellow in colour with the occasional pinkish hue. • More stable raw material suitable for Australia’s harsh climate. Over time, this will need to be touched up and refinished. What this means is, each plank features a range of grains, from straight to quarter sawn and rift sawn to plain sawn. 4. French oak can be more elegant while American oak can be more assertive, but it primarily comes down to how the different oak types are used – just like salt and other seasonings. The rest of the world doesn't cultivate Oak, they simply cut what is available. American oak is sweeter and contains more vanillin compounds, which tends to give more obvious and stronger flavors. Selectively harvested from sustainable forest our French Oak Lumber products are as legendary as the forests in which they grew. Top Pick for French + American Oak: • Alma Rosa 2014 Pinot Noir Since American oak is denser than French oak and it can be sawn instead of hand-split, which makes it considerably cheaper than French oak. American oak may be weightier than French oak, but it’s much lighter on the pocketbook. By using our website you agree to our use of cookies and the terms of our, Welcome to winemag.com! So, when an oak tree falls in an American forest, its impact is much gentler on a winery’s bottom line.

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