Commitment & Accountability- Recognize the essential rights of all to healthy, clean and safe environments, equal opportunity, fair renumeration, ethical procurement, and adherence to rule of law. Hoffman, Gillespie, Moore, Wade-Benzoni, Thompson and Bazerman, 1999, Kleindorfer, Singhal and Van Wassenhove, 2005, Handfield, Melnyk, Calantone and Curkovic, 2001, Curkovic, Melnyk, Handfield and Calantone, 2000, http://www.scholarpedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sustainable_Operations&oldid=91840, Mark Pagell, Stephen A. Dobson and Iuri Gavronski, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Reverse logistics and closed loop supply chains are a component of changing what the chain does that are treated separately for two reasons. TQM, JIT, lean and other similar continuous improvement based philosophies have been considered operational best practice for decades. The social component of sustainable operations has generally been under-studied (e.g. Typically, sustainability initiatives include identifying the source of raw materials, ensuring good conditions for workers and reducing the carbon footprint. Mark Pagell et al. The eco-centric view of the firm (or supply chain) would suggest that to create sustainable supply chains requires the inclusion of NGO’s, community members, and perhaps competitors in the chain, even though traditional chains either ignore these entities or treat them in an adversarial manner (Gladwin, et al., 1995; Shrivastava, 1995; Ergi and Herman, 2000; Seuring, 2004; Sharma and Henriques, 2005). If one has a short term perspective then being sustainable is not as profitable as ignoring the social and environmental elements of the triple bottom line. And social performance is restricted to employee safety, which is operationalized as the number of violations of safety regulations at the same plant. So it should come as no surprise that TQM, JIT, lean and other associated continuous improvement based philosophies are linked to improved environmental performance as well (e.g. This work is limited by both a small sample from a single state in the USA and its measures. However, it is also important to identify what is new, novel and unique about developing sustainable supply chains. Traceability and transparency are often linked to supplier certification, but can also play a role in supplier development and supplier collaboration. and Calantone, R. (2003). Determining a way to find out, and creating a policy based on how sustainable you want to be, is the essence of sustainable supply chain management. Many times, principles applied for efficiency coincide with sustainable operations management principles, like organizing resources or cut times and waste. Leaders in sustainable supply chain management create supply chains where the accomplishment of environmental and social goals also further business goals. Sustainability is then well developed theoretically ,but robust and generalizable simultaneous examinations of all three elements of the triple-bottom-line are generally absent. ‘Operational sustainability’ is a method of evaluating whether a business can maintain existing practices without placing future potential resources at risk. A supply chain is not successful unless the communities and where the chain operates also thrive. A life-cycle assessment of the impact of a product or service on social and environmental systems will encompass the entire supply chain, not a single link’s operations. Melnyk, S.A.; Stroufe, R.P. 2005). control environmental impact of raw material sourcing. We examine how supply chains may become more sustainable in the next two sections. Pagell and Wu (2009) propose that the following four activities are fundamental for creating and maintaining commitment. We will follow convention and note that sustainable development is most often defined as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (WCED, 1987). Russo and Fouts, 1997; Christmann, 2000; Melnyk, Sroufe and Calantone, 2003; Pagell, et al. There are numerous conceptualizations of sustainability, sustainable supply chain management (SSCM) and sustainable operations (Seuring and Muller, 2008). (2003). Article Type: Guest editorial From: International Journal of Operations & Production Management, Volume 34, Issue 5. (2000). The organization has a guiding value or principal. The final way that organizations are re-conceptualizing their supply chains is based on who is in the chain. Continuously improving a production system via the elimination of waste is a fundamental component of well run operations.
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